I’ve attached a link to an article that deals with research into heavier birth weight baby girls being more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (see above). A fetus receives its nutrition from two sources: its mother’s diet before and during pregnancy and from the mother’s own body.
The human body is in a constant state of “turnover”…the breakdown and renewal of muscle, fat, and bone which in turn releases protein, fat, and calcium. These nutrients are fed to the baby through the placenta. A mother’s body composition and turnover ability are acquired throughout her entire lifetime. So…the mother’s turnover AND her daily nutritional intake work in tandem to provide nutrition n the womb through the placenta.
The placenta attaches the baby to the womb and captures nutrients from the mother’s blood and transports them to the baby. The placenta has three functions. 1) transfers food from the mother and waste from the baby 2) it makes hormones that signal to the mother what the baby needs; and it protects the baby from the mother’s immune system, which could attack the baby because it is “foreign” to the mother’s body because half of its genes come from the father.
If a baby does not receive enough nutrition, the oval-shaped placenta can grow in size in attempt to obtain more nutrients. For this reason, the size of the placenta can help the physician to determine if the baby is getting enough nutrition.
A mother who undergoes a pregnancy with uncontrolled Met B, gestational diabetes, pre diabetes, or type 2 diabetes can provide her baby with an overly “high octane” fuel source. This excess blood sugar will force the fetus’ pancreas to over-release insulin (over and above the normal insulin needed if the mother’s blood sugar is normal). Children of mother’s with high blood sugar are often born experiencing hypoglycemia. Their little pancreases are producing an overabundance of insulin and when they are separated from the placenta….the circulating insulin is excessive for their own blood sugar.
These children are often born close to or over 9 pounds. Their excess body fat was contributed to by the mom’s high blood sugar and the baby’s pancreas compromising by producing excess insulin (fat gain hormone).
Research is finally catching up to what The Metabolism Miracle and Diabetes Miracle have addressed for years. 10 facts about Met B that shine light on the importance of women of child bearing years being screened for Metabolism B.
1. Metabolism B is genetic. (The children born to mothers with metabolic syndrome…, or uncontrolled Met B have the propensity to develop Met B themselves)
2. Metabolism B is rooted in insulin imbalance and insulin resistance
3. Mothers with uncontrolled Met B during their pregnancy will provide higher than normal blood sugar spikes to their baby during the time in fetal development when the number of fat cells the baby will carry for life is being determined
4. The children of mothers with uncontrolled Met B during pregnancy can easily be born at a higher birth weight due to their mother’s uncontrolled blood sugar flux, high levels of insulin due to insulin resistance. They form a greater number of fat cells in utero and will carry this number for life.
5. Children born of mothers with Met B have the genetic possibility of manifesting Met B themselves.
6. Metabolism B is a progressive compilation of medical maladies including belly fat, high cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood pressure, high blood sugar.
7. If a baby was born with the gene for Met B and entered the world heavier than he/she should have…it’s a matter of time before life’s stressors will trip the gene and Met B symptoms will unfold. One of the first physiological stressors that can hasten the progression of Met B is menarche
8. The hormonal flux of menarche (a hormonal stressor) is often the beginning of the slow progression of Met B including PCOS, fertility issues, gestational diabetes, overweight/obesity, high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood sugar, low Vitamin D.
9. Although teenage girls are often the first to have symptoms of Met B, boys will catch up as time progresses and they experience other stressors like over consumption of carbohydrate foods, physical inactivity, high stress, illness, pain, some medications.
10. In adulthood, there is a 50/50 split women/men who have Met B.
What is the solution? It would be ideal if everyone over the age of 18 was routinely screened for Met B during a routine physical. Lab work gives objective markers for the beginning of uncontrolled Met B. Once a woman knows she has Met B, she can learn the diet/lifestyle that matches her metabolism and provides her body (and her baby’s body) with the best chance to prevent many medical maladies linked to metabolic syndrome. This could be the beginning of the end to the epidemics of obesity and diabetes.